Rocks and Ores
until 31.12.20 / 10:00
In the displayed collection of rocks, visitors will see the three main types of rock which make up the Earth's crust: igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic.
Bosnia and Herzegovina is rich in ore resources. The distribution, volume, and location of different ore bodies are shown on a large map with special markings. Metals are the most widely distributed type of ore, and they have a significant role in local ore production. Metals include iron, manganese, copper, chrome, lead, zinc, mercury, antimony, arsenic, and aluminium.
They are widely distributed in all parts of the country: the specimens come from Vareš, Ljubija, Mt Radovan, Tovarnica near Jablanica, Srebrenica, the Jajce area – to name but a few sites. Notable non-metals are asbestos, barite, magnesite, gypsum, rock salt, and clay.
The displayed samples of non-metals also come from all parts of BiH: Bosansko Petrovo Selo, Arapuša, Halilovac near Bosanska Krupa, Volar near Jajce, Elezovići near Donji Vakuf, etc. More than 100 deposits in the country have been explored for lignite, bituminous coal, and anthracite.
Today, bituminous coal is produced most intensively in the Banovići mine as well as in the central Bosnian mines of Breza, Kakanj, Zenica, and Bila. The biggest producers of lignite are the mines of Kreka, Stanari, and Gacko.